Archives mensuelles : septembre 2015

Andrew Sayer on education in university

Even in supposedly liberal, open and self-critical institutions such as universities, the definitions of what is to count as education are predominantly imposed and only open to negociation in a marginal, piecemeal, fashion and then on unequal terms. While social organization would break down if every practice and convention were simultaneously ‘up for grabs’, this, of course, cannot serve as a legitimation of the undemocratic nature of the reproduction and transformation of actual existing societies. (p. 38)

Sayer, A. (1992). Method in social science: A realist approach (2d ed). London: Routledge.

Karl Popper sur théorie et observation

… c’est par le biais des théories que nous apprenons à observer, c’est-à-dire à formuler des questions qui, elles-mêmes, conduisent à effectuer des observations et à les interpréter. (p. 366)

Popper, K. (2006). Vérité, rationalité et progrès de la connaissance scientifique. In K. Popper, Conjectures et réfutations : la croissance du savoir scientifique (pp. 319-369). Paris : Payot. (Orignal publié en 1963)

Voir aussi Danziger (1990), Feyerabend (1979), Hanson (1958/2010), Searle (1995).